Waste Types

Hazardous and other Wastes that should not be mixed with General waste. These are wastes that cannot be mixed with your general waste in a skip. Simple Skip Hire provides friendly, uncomplicated advice and hazardous waste services through our network of specialist suppliers including a range of enclosed skips, ensuring that all environment agency guidelines are adhered to.

Asbestos.

Asbestos was extensively used as a building material in the UK from the 1950s through to the mid-1980s. It was used for a variety of purposes and was ideal for fireproofing and insulation. Any building built before 2000 (houses, factories, offices, schools, hospitals etc) can contain asbestos. Asbestos materials in good condition are safe unless asbestos fibres become airborne, which happens when materials are damaged.

Why is Asbestos dangerous?

Asbestos fibres are present in the environment in Great Britain so people are exposed to very low levels of fibres. However, a key factor in the risk of developing an asbestos-related disease is the total number of fibres breathed in. Working on or near damaged asbestos-containing materials or breathing in high levels of asbestos fibres, which may be many hundreds of times that of environmental levels could increase your chances of getting an asbestos-related disease. When these fibres are inhaled they can cause serious diseases which are responsible for around 4000 deaths a year. There are three main diseases caused by asbestos: mesothelioma (which is always fatal), lung cancer (almost always fatal) and asbestosis (not always fatal, but it can be very debilitating). Remember, these diseases will not affect you immediately but later on in life, so there is a need for you to protect yourself now to prevent you contracting an asbestos-related disease in the future. It is also important to remember that people who smoke and are also exposed to asbestos fibres are at a much greater risk of developing lung cancer.

What types of asbestos are there?

There are three main types of asbestos, which may be found in premises. These are commonly called blue asbestos (crocidolite), brown asbestos (amosite), and white asbestos (chrysotile). All of them are hazardous.

Disposing of Asbestos.

Asbestos is classified as Hazardous Waste and must be dealt with safely and responsibly by a licensed contractor.

WEEE Waste (waste electrical and electronic equipment).

TV's, computers, hard drives, monitors and domestic white goods are just a few of the common items that are classified outside general waste under the WEEE Directive, which officially came into force in July 2007. As a general rule, most waste contractors will not accept these items as general waste but Simple Skip Hire can advise and make appropriate arrangements for these and other WEEE waste items to be collected and recycled in line with current legislation.

Why are these items hazardous?

Computer monitors, TV's, camcorders and other similar monitoring equipment contain cathode ray tubes (CRT's), which are vacuum or picture tubes that are used to convert an electronic signal into a visual image. The principle reason for their classification as hazardous is the requirement to remove phosphorous coating on the inside of the screen as well as ensuring that the large amount of lead in the glass does not enter landfills. A typical CRT contains up to 8 pounds of lead, which is a highly toxic substance.

Simple Skip Hire can arrange collection of these wastes and ensure that they are taken to an authorised treatment facility.

Fridges/Freezers - Why are they hazardous?

Since January 2002, new EC legislation requires that all Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) must be removed and recycled or destroyed before the appliances are thrown away. Refrigeration requires the use of coolants, in the past mainly CFC's (Chlorofluorocarbons) which damage the ozone layer. CFC's have a global warming potential, which over 20 years is 1,800 times that of Carbon Dioxide.

Recycling.

Simple Skip Hire has access to recycling plants capable of providing properly licensed recycling of these units, which recover the CFC's from the cooling system and insulation foam, shred and segregate the remaining metals, plastics and glass for re-use. Operating plants can recover between 95-98% of useable metals, plastics and glass from the fridges and freezers and meet EA licensing standards of 99.8% CFC recovery.

Lamp Recycling - What types of lamps need recycling?

Various sizes and types of fluorescent lamps are used in homes, offices and shops throughout industry. High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps such as mercury vapour, metal halide and neon are commonly used in a variety of commercial applications.

Why are they hazardous?

Most discharge lamps - fluorescent, metal halide and high-pressure sodium lights contain Mercury, a toxic metal. Mercury is a potential environmental hazard after it becomes methylated, which occurs when it enters aquatic environments (via landfills), where it can accumulate in fish and enter the food chain.

Fluorescent lamps were designated hazardous waste in July 2004, due to changes in the WAC (Waste Acceptance Criteria). This prohibits the disposal of these lamps (where separately collected) into virtually all landfills. In 2007 the WEEE Directive requires the mandatory recycling of all such lamps except those in household waste.

How are they collected?

Simple Skip Hire can arrange collection or the provision of custom built lamp tube coffins or boxes, which we can deliver to your home or site and collect when full.

Plasterboard.

The Environment Agency stopped the disposal of plasterboard to landfill with biodegradable wastes because of its sulphate content. Plasterboard now has to be recycled or disposed of in its own cell within a landfill.

For advice or a no obligation quote.

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